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Thursday, 18 July 2013

Amsterdam Airport Schiphol

Amsterdam Airport Schiphol (Dutch: Luchthaven Schiphol) (IATA: AMS, ICAO: EHAM) is the Netherlands'  main international airport, located 9.1 km (5.6 miles) southwest of Amsterdam, in the municipality of Haarlemmermeer. 

The airport's official English name, Amsterdam Airport Schiphol, reflects the original Dutch word order (Luchthaven Schiphol). 

The airport used to have the IATA code of SPL, which has fallen into disuse and has been replaced by AMS
The airport is the primary hub for KLM as well as for Arkefly, Corendon Dutch Airlines, Martinair (freight), and Transavia. 

The airport also serves as a European hub for Delta Air Lines and as a base for Vueling. Schiphol is considered to be an Airport City.

The biggest and busiest airport in the Netherlands is Schiphol Airport just 14km outside Amsterdam. It is also one of the major European 
airport transit hubs efficiently handling over 40 million business and tourist passengers per year. The Dutch national airline, KLM, 
is based there and is the largest airline group in the world. Over 100 other airlines fly into Schiphol too, among them over twenty budget 
airlines offering cheap flights from many European countries.

Amsterdam Airport Schiphol (airport code AMS) is located just 14 kilometers southwest of this capital city. Schiphol Airport has one terminal, 
which is divided into six piers (B through G) extending out from a central plaza. From Schiphol passengers can hop a 20-minute Direct Rail Link 
train to Amsterdam's Centraal Station and then connect to trains traveling throughout the Netherlands and into Germany and Belgium. From canals to coffee, 
Amsterdam is a relaxing city with few cars because the residents either walk or ride bikes. Strolling can be an outdoor activity along the tree-lined streets 
or indoor at one of the city's many famous art museums. Schiphol Airport is a destination unto itself because of its open-air promenade and observation deck 
on top of the terminal building and the mini-Rijksmuseum featuring a permanent collection of the 17th Century Dutch Masters located on Holland Boulevard, 
between Piers E and F.

Amsterdam Airport facilities 
Schiphol Airport has three terminals, all located in a single passenger terminal building, making it very convenient for passengers to navigate. 
Efficient signposting in text and symbols guides passengers from the moment they enter the terminal, and ground staff are generally extremely courteous. 
There are many special facilities for disabled travellers, and transportation can be requested to help cover the large distances to the departure gate. 
Air travel involves a lot of waiting, but there is plenty to keep you busy. As well as shopping, choose from restaurants serving everything from burgers to sushi. 
There are two Holland Casino venues, and communication centres in departure lounges one and two, as well as wi-fi in several locations. You can find the childrens’ 
play areas located between gates E and F. The staff at Schiphol Airport try to make travel as stress fee as possible; here we’ve compiled more useful tips and 
advice to help your journey to or from Amsterdam Schiphol Airport run smoothly.

Amsterdam Airport arrival
As Schiphol Airport is so close to the city centre, there are several ways to get quickly from the Airport into Amsterdam. On leaving the 
baggage reclaim area, you enter Schiphol Plaza, and you can follow the sign posts to find the trains, taxis, shuttle buses and car rental. 
Train is the cheapest and perhaps the most convenient. They run 24 hours a day and take about 15 minutes. Train tickets can be bought at 
ticket counters or the yellow ticket vending machines in Schiphol Plaza. Taxis are located in the rank just outside Schiphol Plaza. Some 
hotels provide their own free airport shuttle bus, but there is also the Conexxion Hotel shuttle bus that services 100 city hotels. 
It runs between 6.00a.m. and 21.00 p.m. All the major car rental companies have offices in Schiphol Plaza. You can chose from Avis, 
Budget, Europcar, Hertz, National Alamo and Sixt. We partner with Dutch Business Limousine, offering you a convenient and luxurious 
way to get to your destination for a very reasonable price. You can book the transfer service via this site.

Amsterdam Airport departure
Leaving the Netherlands will be fairly stress free. The excellent transport infrastructure means that Schiphol Airport is within easy 
reach of not only the city of Amsterdam but also practically the whole of the country. Again the train service is the most convenient, 
but taxi drivers always ask which airline you are flying with to ensure they drop you off at the correct departure gate, the shuttle buses 
run very frequently, and the car hire drop off points are close to the Airport terminal. Security checks at Schiphol Airport are strict however 
so remember to allow the time for those too.

Amsterdam Airport parking 
There are both long and short term parking facilities at Schiphol Airport. If you are dropping off departing passengers you can use the free drop off 
zone in front of the terminal. When going on a holiday break, the cheap open-air long-stay car parks provide a free shuttle bus service to the departure halls. 
The short-stay car parking close to the terminal building is the most expensive. Parking fees can be paid in cash, by credit card or special payment cards.

Amsterdam Airport duty free shopping 
Schiphol Airport’s duty free shopping facilities are among the best in the world. Once you reach the departure lounges, you will have time to browse at your 
leisure for not only perfumes, liquor and tobacco but souvenirs, cosmetics, fashion, jewellery, books and newest technological gadgets. Prices are very reasonable too, 
with regular special offers and discounts.

Amsterdam Airport for visitors 
Schiphol is not just an international airport; it can be classed as a tourist attraction all by itself. If you are there to meet an arriving passenger take the time 
to explore the Schiphol Plaza. This commercial centre is open seven days a week and offers a great shopping experience, as well plenty of food and beverage outlets. 
There is also a huge open-air observation deck on top of the passenger terminal building with fantastic views of this busy airport. You can even visit the national 
aviation museum Aviodome signposted on the approach to the airport. In cooperation with the Rijksmuseum there is an art gallery displaying the masterpieces at the airport.

Amsterdam NL 

Latitude / Longitude:
52.30907 / 4.763385

Airport Code:
FlightStats code: AMS
IATA code: AMS
FAA code: 

Airport AMS, Schiphol Airport Code, Schiphol Netherlands, Amsterdam Airport Information, Amsterdam International Airport, citizenM Schiphol Amsterdam Airport, Flights to Amsterdam Airport Schiphol, Car-Rental Amsterdam Schiphol Airport

Niriha Khajanchi 

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Cover for 'Pilot’s  Career  Guide'
By Shekhar Gupta
Rating: Not yet rated. 
Published: July 13, 2013 
Words: 26,240 (approximate)
Language: English
ISBN: 9781301650040

Sunday, 14 July 2013

Incheon International Airport

Incheon International Airport 
It is the largest airport in South Korea, the primary airport serving the Seoul National Capital Area, and one of the largest and busiest airports in the world. For seven years in a row (2005–2012), it was rated the best airport worldwide by Airports Council International. The airport has a golf course, spa, private sleeping rooms, ice skating rink, a casino, indoor gardens and a Museum of Korean Culture. 
Airport authorities claim that average departure and arrival takes only 19 (60 minutes world-wide industry average) and 12 minutes (45 minutes) respectively, significantly lower than the rest of the world, making it one of the fastest airports in the world for customs processing. Its duty-free shopping mall has been rated the world's best for three years in a row in 2012 by Business Traveler.
Located 48 km (30 mi) west of Seoul, the capital and largest city of South Korea, Incheon International Airport is the main hub for Korean Air, Asiana Airlines, Jeju Air and Polar Air Cargo. The airport serves as a hub for international civilian air transportation and cargo traffic in East Asia. Incheon International Airport is also currently Asia's eighth busiest airport in terms of passengers, the world's fourth busiest airport by cargo traffic, and the world's eighth busiest airport in terms of international passengers in 2010. In 2011, 35,062,376 passengers used the airport.
The airport opened for business in early 2001, replacing the older Gimpo International Airport, which now serves mostly domestic destinations plus shuttle flights to alternate airports in China, Japan, and Taiwan.

Control tower
Incheon Airport – Traffic Centre
Located at the center of the airport, the 22 story Control Tower is 100.4 metres (329 ft) tall and is illuminated 24 hours a day. On its highest floor is located a parabolic antenna that is used by the Airport Surface Detection Equipment (ASDE) to detect all airplanes and obstacles within 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) of the tower. The upper floors are used by ground and tower controllers while the lower floors are mostly for support operations. The control tower has a total area of 179 square meters making it the 3rd largest in the world as of 2001.

There are three parallel paved asphalt runways in operation, 
15R/33L, 15L/33R and 16/34. 
Runway 15R/33L and 15L/33R are each 3,750 metres (12,300 ft) long, 60 metres (200 ft) wide, and 1.05 metres (3 ft 5 in) thick. 
Runway 16/34 is 4,000 metres (13,000 ft) long. 
Runway 15R/33L is used mostly for departures while runway 15L/33R is used mostly for arrivals. 
This is evident from the amount of rubber present on each runway; runway 15L/33R has more rubber on it due to the higher number of landings. 
A third parallel runway (16/34), 4,000 meters long, began operation in June 2008. Landing and takeoffs of most passenger flights are done on the new runway and the existing runway 15R/33L while runway 15L/33R is mostly used for cargo flights for its proximity with the cargo terminals. 
Although the runways are labelled 33 and 34, all three runways have the same heading. 

Once Phase 4 construction is complete, the airport will have 4 parallel runways, two of them 3,750 meters long and the other two 4,000 meters long. All runways are equipped with ILS CAT IIIb at both sides allowing for operation in visibility conditions as low as 50 meters. As of the date of upgrade, Incheon International Airport was the only airport in Asia to have full ILS CAT IIIb capability. The runway lightings at Incheon International Airport (as well as the taxi lights) are tied into special computers at the control tower. Air Traffic Controllers can provide progressive taxiing to an aircraft by setting the computer to manipulate the taxi and runway lights so that it will lead them to their designated gate or parking stand.

Airlines and destinations
There are currently over 90 airlines serving ICN. The largest carrier in terms of passenger numbers is Korean Air, followed by Asiana Airlines. Although all domestic flights depart from the main terminal, international gates are separated from the domestic gates. 
Incheon has more Chinese destinations than Hong Kong International Airport and more Japanese destinations than Narita International Airport.

Cargo Terminal Complex[edit]
The Cargo Terminal Complex comprises six cargo terminals, five separate warehouses, All E/F Class 36 parking stands, and administration offices. Each cargo terminal is designed to provide each carrier with unique services, and a cargo warehouse – approximately 3,500 square metres (38,000 sq ft). They are separated into three areas, import, passing and export. Using the systems, managers can view individual package information, tracking information, storage information, etc. in real time. The terminals also feature various other high-tech technologies.
The Cargo Terminal Complex was designed to be able to process 1.7 million tons of cargo per year. However, due to the increased demands, the operators of Cargo A Terminal and Cargo B Terminal has opted to expand their facilities onto the land that is available nearby. As a result, the total processing ability of the complex is currently rated at 3.8 million tons per year. The C Terminal, was not able to expand however, due to the lack of direct airside access. Once Phase II expansion is complete, the airport will have a processing ability of around 4.9 million metric tons per year. This is because the expansion which was originally designed to allow an expansion to 4.5 million tons per year would be adding on top of the current processing ability, which includes the expansions by Korean Air Cargo and Asiana Cargo which was conducted separately on a piece of land that did not conflict with the airport expansion plans.
The Cargo Terminal Complex operates 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, nonstop. In addition, the automation systems had been upgraded. As a result, it is typical for the airport to output an extra 2 million tons per year processing capability than the original design.

Cover for 'Pilot’s  Career  Guide'
By Shekhar Gupta
Rating: Not yet rated.
Published: July 13, 2013
Words: 26,240 (approximate)
Language: English
ISBN: 9781301650040


Aeronautical Engineers Australia (AEA) is an Australian aeronautical engineering consultancy and aircraft technical service provider. It is the largest civil aircraft design organisation in the Asia Pacific region and is now headquartered in Adelaide.
It is a world leader in aeronautical design and engineering service with over 25 years' experience in the provision of aviation solutions utilising our certification, design, development, modification, and integration expertise. AEA has specialist experience in a wide range of areas for both fixed and rotary wing aircraft and has undertaken projects including hardened cockpit doors, crashworthiness upgrades, gross weight increases and life extension programs. AEA has a successful track record in exceeding our clients and stakeholders needs. Our ability to develop and deliver on schedule tailored solutions has earned us a reputation with customers as a premier supplier of products and services.

AEA and its sister company Airline Technical Services (ATS) are part of the Nova Group of companies.

It is founded in 1978 and it s headquaters is in Bankstown, New South Wales, Australia. As of now they have 45 + employees. The products of AEA are Aeronautical Engineering Services, Aircraft Weight Control, Flammability Testing, Flight Testing, Systems Integration, Project Management
Airline Technical Services is AEA's subsidary company.


AEA provides a variety of services to the general aviation industry, including the design and certification of aircraft modifications, repairs and testing of aircraft components, aircraft weight control (aircraft reweighs, trimsheets and loading systems) in accordance with Civil Aviation Order 100.7 (CAO 100.7), design and manufacture of aircraft components (such as cargo nets, replacement parts, survey installations, equipment frames, skis, etc.) under a Production Certificate and Civil Aviation Safety Regulation Part 21 (CASR 21), flammability testing to FAR/JAR25.853 and similar provisions, systems integration, flight and performance testing, aircraft design, aeronautical consultancy, civil/military platform design etc.
Additionally Airline Technical Services was established as a wholly owned subsidiary of AEA to provide speciality services to the airline sector, and Swannell Racing now provides roll cage homologation services to the local racing industry.
CASA 212-400 with AEA designed skis
Dornier 328 with AEA Inflight Opening Door
Grumman Turbo Mallard
Explorer 500T

Major projects-

CASA 212 Skiplane for Skytraders
Fokker 50 Hardened Cockpit Door for Skywest and Alliance Airlines
Dornier 328 Inflight Opening Door for AeroRescue
Grumman G-73 Turbo Mallard Conversion for Paspaley Pearling
Pilatus PC-12 Aeromedical Conversion for the Royal Flying Doctor Service of Australia
Cessna 441 Life Extension Program for TAE

The Maverick is an unlimited category aerobatic sports aircraft was designed entirely in-house at Aeronautical Engineers Australia led by Graham Swannell and Geoff Danes. The Maverick construction uses an advanced carbon & glass fibre wet layup composite system to give a cost and build time lower than most homebuilt aircraft. It has good cross country capability with a cruise speed of over 160kts and has an inverted oil and fuel system for 3 minutes of inverted flight.
Only one aircraft has been built with its first flight in December 1987 and has since appeared in many airshows around Australia.

The Explorer is a high-performance but rugged utility aircraft that can perform a wide variety of roles at a lower cost than other equivalent aircraft. It was developed to cope with the harsh Australian conditions and unprepared dirt strips but still deliver a 180kt cruise, almost 1000 nm range and economical performance. The aircraft utilises the latest in aerofoil design, a carbon fibre fuselage shell, a unique retractable undercarriage, flat cabin floor, and a newly devised construction method that minimises construction and assembly time. The aircraft was initially developed as the 350R but now incorporates the 500T turbine variant and the stretched 750T. AEA conceived, designed and developed the Explorer and started Explorer Aircraft Australia Pty Ltd to develop and market the family of aircraft. As the Explorer project grew, this role was passed onto Explorer Aircraft Inc. which is now located in Houston, Texas.

The Eagle 150 is a basic two-seat trainer and light touring aircraft developed in Australia. It has a unique stagger-wing layout and all-composite construction. AEA conducted all the engineering work required for certification to JAR-VLA and managed both the structural test program and the flight test program, all of which resulted in the aircraft's being granted a Type Certificate by CASA in September 1993. Eagle Aircraft was established to manufacture and market the aircraft in Australia and in 1999 moved its production facility to Malaysia.

The original door was removed and the geometry mapped using laser scanning techniques to develop a 3D solid model of the door surrounds. The new inflight opening door was designed and built by AEA under our APMA and the complete kit installed on the aircraft in under 18 months.
As part of the project, an ergonomics review was conducted and consequently anchor points and hand holds installed to ensure that the equipment despatchers can perform their job easily and safely. Finally the system was fully integrated into the aircraft warning system to ensure that pilot situational awareness is maintained at all times.

AEA Aerospace team provided the professional engineering experience and expertise to deliver a life extension of 17500hrs for the Cessna 441. The work involved, detailed damage tolerance / crack growth analysis required to enable life greater than safe life calculated 'Safe-life' estimate. In this project we delivered a life extension program successfully, keeping a well-established platform in the Air.

"The successful completion of the testing will now see BAE Systems and AEA work with the Civil Aviation Safety Authority (CASA) to achieve a supplemental type certificate for the CT-4B to meet FAR Part 23 crash protection requirements."
In support of BAE Systems for the successful completion of modifications developed for the CT-4B Air trainers, which included a new seat design providing superior absorption of greater dynamic loads to meet upgraded crashworthiness requirements. They were developed in partnership with dynamic testing of the new seat taking place at the Autoliv Australia Test Centre in Victoria.

Pilot’s Career Guide

Cover for 'Pilot’s  Career  Guide'
By Shekhar Gupta
Rating: Not yet rated. 
Published: July 13, 2013 
Words: 26,240 (approximate)
Language: English
ISBN: 9781301650040

Short description

International Airline Pilot’s Career Guide Learn Step By Step How to Become an International Airlines Pilot By Shekhar Gupta Niriha Khajanchi